705

Date: 
Apr 10, 1972
Location: 
Oval Office
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1 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07)
Conversation No. 705-1 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 8:36 am and 8:57 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Stephen B. Bull. The President's schedule Bull left at an unknown time before 8:57 am.
Conversation No. 705-2 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 8:57 am - 9:55 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Henry A. Kissinger. Vietnam -Military operations -Reports from Military Region One -Tank battle -Quang Tri -North Vietnamese losses -Tanks -Numbers -Personnel -Numbers -South Vietnamese claims -North Vietnamese attacks -Coordination -Problems -Reports from US advisors -Kissinger’s view -Use of tanks -Possible difficulties -George S. Patton
2 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Performance comparisons -South Vietnamese artillery -Success -South Vietnamese tanks -Effectiveness -Region One -Casualties -Press reports -The President's television speech -Kissinger’s opposition -Sense of crisis -Kissinger’s upcoming conversation with H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman -Military operations -Region Two -B-52 strikes -Status -Gen. Alexander M. Haig, Jr.’s presence at meeting -The President’s plan -Military operations -Vinh -Air strikes -B-52s -B-52s -Use in North Vietnam -1968 -Impact -Soviets -The President's speech -Kissinger’s opposition -Administration’s proposed show of strength -Negotiations -Domestic opinion -Ground forces -US policies -Attrition -President’s view Alexander M. Haig, Jr. entered at 9:02 am. -Military operations -Weather in Region One
3 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Concentration of force -Gen. Creighton W. Abrams, Jr. and Gen. John W. Vogt, Jr. -Region Three -Saigon -Air strikes -Region One -Timing -Scope of attacks -US Air Force [USAF] -Weather -B-52s -Bomb damage assessments -Expanse in area -Weather -Increase in tonnage -Abrams and Vogt -Need to concentrate force -President’s view -Improvements in strategy -Compared with Lyndon B. Johnson -The President’s instructions to Haig -An loc -Situation of South Vietnamese division -Army of the Republic of Vietnam [ARVN] defections -News reports -New York Times reporter in Paris -Military operations -B-52s -Past use against North Vietnam -Washington Post and New York Times reports -South Vietnamese performance -Ground forces -North Vietnamese tanks -Destruction -Public relations value -Air strikes -First division -Hue -Destroyers -Damage and casualties -Chance of South Vietnamese success
4 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] -Kissinger's conversation with Anatoliy F. Dobrynin Haig left at 9:09 am. -Military operations -Air strikes on Vinh -Radar -Accuracy -Damage reports -Effectiveness -North Vietnam’s reaction -Necessity -Kissinger’s approval -Melvin R. Laird and Abrams -Psychological impact -North Vietnamese offensive -Chance of failure -B-52 strikes -Air field, truck parts -Blockade -Instruction to Adm. Thomas H. Moorer -Establishment -Hanoi -Impact on negotiations -USSR -Dobrynin -Conversation with Kissinger -The President’s view -Negotiations -Private talks -Possible USSR purpose -The President’s instructions to Kissinger -Possible settlement -Advantages to US -Kissinger’s view -The President’s upcoming speech -J. William Fulbright's criticism -The President's speech -Problems -Kissinger’s concern
5 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Opposition’s criticism -Hubert H. Humphrey and Edmund S. Muskie -Anthony Lewis's article in New York Times -Lewis -Impact on public opinion -The President’s view -Domestic opposition to war -The President’s trip to Philadelphia -Timing -The President's trip to Canada -Demonstrations -Press reports -The President's trip to Philadelphia -Demonstrations -Impact on Hanoi -Kissinger’s opinion -Demonstrations -Kissinger’s message to Dobrynin -US stance -Compared to Johnson -News reports -Alarmism -Abrams’s interview -Benefits and potential drawbacks -Charles G. (“Bebe”) Rebozo’s opinion -North Vietnamese offensive -The President's speech -Success of Vietnamization -Winston S. Churchill -Disadvantages -Sense of crisis -Compared with Laos operation -Haldeman's view -Previous support from Kissigner -Tchepone -Public opinion -People’s Republic of China [PRC] trip -Polls -Problems -Soviet summit -Impact of US success and failure
6 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Polls -Polls -Soviet arms -India -Southeast Asia -The President's speech -Soviet role in Vietnam -Use of latest technological equipment -Support of South Vietnam -Morale -US role -Air and naval power support -North Vietnamese success -Soviet role in Vietnam -Damage to US credibility -Encouragement to aggression -Middle East -The Americans -Europe -Stakes of war -William L. Safire -State Department [?] -Soviet role -Haig’s previous conversation with the President -Haig’s view -W[illiam] Averell Harriman -Past interpretations -Henry Cabot lodge -The President’s previous visits to Vietnam -Lodge’s previous visits to Vietnam -Compared to Kissinger -Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor -William J. Porter -Objectives -PRC -India-Pakistan War -William P. Rogers and State Department -Objectives -Jordan -Syria -The President's analysis
7 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Kissinger’s agreement -Signing ceremony for the convention of chemical and biological weapons [CBW] -Timing -The President's remarks -Kissinger’s view -The President's speech -Advantages and disadvantages -Negotiations -Domino theory -Soviet summit -News reports -Kissinger’s attendance at gridiron dinner, April 9, 1972 -Possible opinions of the media and politicians -Victories -Publicity -Military Region One -Stories in the New York Times and Washington Post -North Vietnamese advances -Military Region One -Military Region Three -An loc -Quality of ARVN division -Chance of defeat -Possible fall -South Vietnamese strengths -Abrams’s and Ellsworth F. Bunker's assessments -Current situation -Military Region One -Stabilization -Counterattack -Tanks -Destruction -Number -Military Region Two -Intelligence reports -Prisoners of war [POWs] -North Vietnamese losses -Air strikes -B-3 -Military Region Three
8 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Reinforcements -South Vietnamese divisions -Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu's assessment -Airborne brigade -Binh Long -Bunker’s view -Military Region Four -Small unit actions -Duration of offensive -Interrogation of POWs -North Vietnamese losses -Tanks -Numbers -Casualties -Withdrawals -Cambodia -North Vietnamese divisions -Military Region One -Reorganization -Timing of military operations -Air support -Counterattacks Abrams and Bunker -Reports -The President's handling of crisis -US bombing -US options -Possible blockade -The President's speech -Kissinger’s opposition -Future public appearances from the President -Philadelphia -Kissinger’s trip to Japan -Cancellation -Soviet response -Possible blockade -USSR -Kissinger’s conversation with Dobrynin -Johnson -US military action -Timing
9 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Role in North Vietnam -Speech -Diplomacy -Complexities -Rhetoric US-PRC relations -Compatibility of interests -Short term interests -Long term interests -CBW -The President's Canadian speech -Speechwriting -George S. McGovern Vietnam -William F., Jr. and James L. Buckley -Conversation with Kissinger -Timing -James Buckley -Speechwriting -Support for the President on bombing -B-52s -William Buckley -Conversation with Kissinger -Location -Call to brother -Talk with Kissinger -Conservatives -Support for the President -End to criticism of administration -William F. (“Billy”) Graham -Conversation with Kissinger -Support for the President -Call to other supporters -Attitude towards the war -Stakes in war -Election -The President's speechwriters -Raymond K. Price, Jr. and Lee W. Huebner -Safire
10 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Work with Kissinger -Phrase, The Guns of April -[Barbara Tuchman] and Guns of August -Safire -Price -Safire -Price -North Vietnamese offensive -Military situation -Reaction -The President’s effort -Press reports -Fear of South Vietnamese success -Possible events on May 1, 1972 -Withdrawals -An loc -Quang Tri and Kontum -The President's speech -Timing -Success of Vietnamization and Nixon Doctrine -Haldeman -Foreign policy -Advantages -American opinion -Disadvantages -Possible weakness in Administration’s stance -Timing -Impression on North Vietnam -Press -Nuclear weapons -Ronald L. Ziegler -Haldeman's judgment -Kissinger's judgment -Administration hawks -Weather -Air strikes -Military Region One -Impact -Concentration of force -Negotiations -Possible settlement
11 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Administrations possible tone -Kissinger's trip to Japan -Cancellation -The President’s schedule -Haldeman -Negotiations -Secret talks -Timing -The President’s report -Negotiations -Porter -Public talks -Role -Meeting with President -Porter’s location -Timing -Statements -Edward M. Kennedy, et al. -Possible Porter statement -North Vietnamese reply -US conditions to the North Vietnamese -Baltimore Sun -Disclosure of secret talks -Potential effect -Porter -Statement -US offers -Timing -Porter's posture -Rebozo's assessment -Resumption of talks -Timing -North Vietnamese offensive -Areas of fighting -Saigon -Attacks on US forces -Blockade -Losses -Chances of success -US air power -The President’s view
12 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-US counteractions -Concentration -The President's Soviet trip -North Vietnamese miscalculations -ARVN weakness -View of the President -Harriman, Clark M. Clifford -[Johnson] -Rogers and Laird -Handling of crisis -Laird -Toughness -US statements -Ziegler -Press reports -Robert B. Semple, Jr. report -Sense of crisis in White House -White House advisors -Concern -Statements to press -Ziegler -Max Frankel -Assistance from Kissinger -White House advisors -Semple -Cambodia and Laos -Kissinger, Haldeman, Alexander P. Butterfield, Charles W. Colson -Strength of stance -Weaknesses -John D. Ehrlichman -George P. Shultz -Price and Patrick J. Buchanan -Cabinet -Presidential responsibility -North Vietnamese offensive -Lack of support for US policy -Air strikes -B-52s -Hesitancy -Naval gunfire -Intensity
13 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-2 (cont.)
-Manila -US military -Responsiveness to demands -Destroyers and cruisers -Panama Canal -Soviets Kissinger's schedule -Washington Special Actions Group [WSAG] -Report to the President Kissinger left at 9:55 am.
Conversation No. 705-3 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 9:55 am - 10:38 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Alexander P. Butterfield. The President's schedule -Meeting with H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman -Draft -Editing Haldeman entered at 9:58 am. International Telephone and Telegraph [ITT] case -Robert C. Wilson -Charles W. Colson and Clark MacGregor -Dita D. Beard -Conversation with unknown person -Money -San Diego convention -Unknown person's support Henry A. Kissinger entered at 10:00 am.
14 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
Forthcoming remarks at signing of Biological Weapons Convention -Drafts -Language -Restraint -Aggression -Disease -Inadequacies -Speech staff -President’s view Vietnam -Air strikes -I Corps Butterfield and Kissinger left at 10:02 am. ITT case -San Diego convention -Wilson -News summary report -William E. Timmons and Herbert G. Klein -Location -Statement -Inaccuracies in news reports -Robert H. Finch and Timmons -Baltimore Sun -Miami and Chicago as convention sites -Possible other cities -Republican convention -Cities -Choices -Administration's preference -MacGregor -Edward J. Gurney's debate with John V. Tunney -The President’s telephone call to Gurney -Gurney's performance on Face the Nation -Tunney *****************************************************************
15 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 2 [Privacy] [Duration: 6s ]
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 2 ***************************************************************** -Tunney -Analogy to demonstrators at Key Biscayne -Manolo Sanchez's comments -Female demonstrators -Male demonstrators -Gurney -Appearance and posture -Style -Debate with Tunney -Rapport with reporters Congressional relations Republican senators -Barry M. Goldwater -Talk with the President -Response to Democratic criticism on Vietnam -Press coverage Memoranda -John D. Ehrlichman -Crystal’s [Surname unknown] work Canada -The President's trip -Speech to Parliament -Revisions Memoranda to Haldeman Domestic programs -Ehrlichman's job
16 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
-Problems -Public relations arrangements -The President’s instructions -Haldeman's work with Colson and Ehrlichman -Mobilization of staff -Follow-up -Edward L. Morgan -Colson The President's schedule -Portrait -Cancellation -Meeting with John B. Connally -Meeting with John N. Mitchell -Philadelphia trip -Demonstrators -Ottawa -Impact on war -John A. Volpe -Commitment -John Cardinal Krol -Political benefits -Vice President Spiro T. Agnew as substitute -Meetings -Consumption of time -Domestic Council -William F. (“Billy”) Graham -Call from Kissinger -Advice -Political nature Gridiron Dinner -Goldwater's performance -Rebozo and Robert H. Abplanalp -Location -Carl B. Albert and Warren E. Burger -Abplanalp's account -Clark M. Clifford -David Kraslow -Rebozo -Unknown women
17 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
-Goldwater -Hubert H. Humphrey -Quality of performance -Assistance -One-liners -Paul W. Keyes -Compared to Leslie T. (“Bob”) Hope -Quality -Robert J. Dole -Keyes -Goldwater -Keyes -Revisions -Kissinger -Frank F. Church -Goldwater -Jokes -The President's administration -Republicans -Goldwater’s relationship with the President -Compared with Humphrey -Joke about Lyndon B. Johnson -Johnson’s health Wilson -ITT case -President’s view -Concern California -Unemployment -Figures -George P. Shultz -Department of Labor -Statistics Domestic issues -Shultz's role -Ehrlichman -Statements -George W. Romney
18 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
-Meeting with the President -Alaskan pipeline -Rogers C. B. Morton's meeting with the President -Management of issues -Ehrlichman -The President’s instuctions -Speeches -Public appearances -Concentration on big issues -Responsibilities and duties -Shultz -Kenneth R. Cole, Jr. -Shift in emphasis of Domestic Council -Competence of personnel -Egil (“Bud”) Krogh, Jr., Lewis A. Engman -Issues to be emphasized -Use of charts -Busing -Property taxes -Food prices -Environment -Drugs -Marijuana -Identification of big issues -Administration position -Development of positions -Attack on Administration -Attack on opposition -Raising taxes -Marijuana -Morality -Abortion -The President’s beliefs -Adminstration's aggressiveness -Concern from the President -Domestic Council -Environment -Shultz -Attendance at Conference Board, Inc. meeting -Conversations with economists -Optimism about economy
19 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
-Report -Energy -Concern -Proposition 9 in California -Impact on industries and energy supplies -Edgar F. Kaiser -Pollution standards -Environment -Blame on Democrats -Proposition 9 -Threat to jobs -Pollution requirements -Opposition -Slogan on billboards -Leader, Clem Whitaker, Jr. Clem Whitaker, Sr. and Leonie (Smith) Baxter -1962 California gubernatorial campaign Gridiron Dinner -Ronald L. Ziegler's absence -Reasons -Previous conversation with the President -Lack of recognition as press secretary -Compared with James C. Hagerty, Pierre E. G. Salinger, Klein and Gerald L. Warren -Introductions Press -Relationship with the President -Soviet trip -List -Ziegler's views -Exclusion of reporters -Logisitics -Precedence -The President’s previous trip to the Soviet Union -Enemies -Boston Globe and Newsweek -Logistics -Accommodations
20 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
-People's Republic of China [PRC] trip -Conversations with White House staff -Friends in press -Hugh S. Sidey -Soviet trip -Press pools -Comparison to Tricia Nixon Cox’s wedding -John F. Osborne and Sidey -Boycott -Ziegler -Kissinger's contacts -Haldeman’s view -Rowland Evans -Foreign policy coverage -Sidey -Favorable comments -Credibility Forthcoming remarks at signing ceremony of Biological Weapons Convention -Drafting -Theme -Editing -Raymond K. Price, Jr. -William L. Safire -Canadian Parliament speech White House staff -The President's speeches -Price -Duties -Editing -Research and writing -Acceptance speech -The President’s instructions -Amount of time to write speech -Klein -Ehrlichman -Usefulness to the Administration -Editing -Foreign policy -Staff
21 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
-Philosophical orientation -Patrick J. Buchanan -Compared with the President -John K. Andrews, Jr. -Problems -Philosophical disagreements -Importance of words -Kissinger -Canadian speech -Drafts -Lee W. Huebner -Sentimentality -Kissinger's responsibility for review -References to Soviet Union and PRC in speech -Kissinger's review on foreign policy speeches -Soviet Union and PRC references -Compatibility of interests
Connally -Health Haldeman left at 10:38 am.
Conversation No. 705-4 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 11:30 am - 11:33 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Alexander P. Butterfield. Statement on the death of James F. Byrnes -The President's review -Release to press -Formal statement
22 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-3 (cont.)
Butterfield left at 11:33 am.
Conversation No. 705-5 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 11:33 am and 11:41 am Location: Oval Office The President talked with H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman. Project on voter participation -Possible cancellation -Political advisability -White House staff -Boy Scouts of America -Comparison -Purpose
Conversation No. 705-6 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 11:33 am and 11:41 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Stephen B. Bull. Request for meeting with Ronald L. Ziegler Bull left at an unknown time before 11:41 am.
Conversation No. 705-7
23 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-5 (cont.)
Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 11:41 am - 11:44 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Ronald L. Ziegler. Press statement -Gaylord Shell of Associated Press [AP] -Ziegler statement -The President’s remarks at signing ceremony of Biological Weapons Convention -Responsibilities of great powers -Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] Vietnam -USSR -Anatoliy F. Dobrynin's call to Henry A. Kissinger -North Vietnamese offensive -Mistakes -1972 election -South Vietnam -Gen. Alexander M. Haig, Jr. -Reports -Strengths -Quang Tri -US counterforce -Carriers -Press reports -AP reports Ziegler left at 11:44 am.
Conversation No. 705-8 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 11:44 am and 11:45 am Location: Oval Office The President met with Manolo Sanchez.
24 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-7 (cont.)
***************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 [Personal returnable] [Duration: 7s ] END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 ***************************************************************** Sanchez left at an unknown time before 11:45 am.
Conversation No. 705-9 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 11:45 am - 12:23 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with William J. Porter and Henry A. Kissinger. Greetings Vietnam -Negotiations -The President’s instructions to Porter -State Department Stephen B. Bull entered at an unknown time after 11:45 am. Press -Presence at meeting -Kissinger's opinion -Paris Photograph session -Oliver F. (“Ollie”) Atkins -Distribution -Press -Porter
25 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07)
Bull left at an unknown time before 12:23 pm. Atkins entered at an unknown time after 11:45 am. [Photograph session] Atkins left at an unknown time before 12:23 pm. US leadership -The President’s view -Department of State -Partisanship -Crisis in nation -Sentimentality -Tactical concerns -Foreign service -Recruitment of young men -Problems -Modern education -Shortsightedness -Need for risks and strong convictions -Military -The President’s previous conversation with Adm. Thomas H. Moorer -Bureaucracy -Need for strength -Ability to speak up Vietnam -Paris peace talks -Porter’s handling -US position -Cessation -Reasons -US seriousness -Porter’s strategy -Possible statement -William H. Sullivan -Conversation with Kissinger -Washington Special Actions Group [WSAG] -Timing of Porter's return to Paris -Public stance
26 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-9 (cont.)
-US position -Robert J. McCloskey and Ronald L. Ziegler -The President’s January 25, 1972 speech -Michael J. Mansfield’s support -Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu's resignation -North Vietnamese position -Escalation of military activity -Resumption of talks -Timing -Escalation of military action -Announcement -US conditions -Past negotiations -US position -North Vietnamese position -Wording -Porter’s statement -Build-up for press -Wording -Review of negotiating record -US offers -North Vietnamese position -US response -North Vietnamese violations of international law -Limits to negotiations -Porter’s statement -Preparation of press -Porter’s record -Previous trips to Vietnam -Statement to the press -Emphasis on positive -Porter’s handling -US delegation -Release of statement -Television coverage -Duration -Peace offer -North Vietnamese response -Infiltration -Offensive -Possible statement
27 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-9 (cont.)
-North Vietnamese offensive -State Department response -US air strikes -B-52s -Increase -Numbers -Targets -Vinh -Size of strike -Proximity to Hanoi -Mikoyand and Gurevich [MIG] -Location of targets -Saigon area -New squadrons -Naval gunfire -Destroyers -Number -Cruisers -Number -Targets -Negotiations -Anatoliy F. Dobrynin's conversation with Kissinger -Soviet role -US settlement US-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] relations -Biological Warfare Treaty -Dobrynin’s remarks -Strategic Arms Limitation Talks [SALT] negotiations -George R.S. Baring’s [Earl of Cromer] remarks -The President's remarks at signing ceremony -Disregard of sentimental rhetoric -Non-proliferation and seabed treaties -Importance of treaty -Peace in the future -Arms limitation -SALT -Super powers -Encouragement not to use force -Dobrynin -Press
28 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-9 (cont.)
-Call to Kissinger -Message to Kremlin -Biological Warfare Treaty -The President's remarks at ceremony -Tone -Dobrynin's presence -USSR’s support of India over Pakistan and support of United Arab Republic [UAR] -Soviet foreign policy -The President's remarks at treaty ceremony -Future SALT agreement Vietnam -Battle reports -Quang Tri -South Vietnam -Artillery and infantry -Damage to tanks -Air Force -Gen. Alexander M. Haig, Jr. -North Vietnamese offensive -Reports of problems -Lack of coordination -Tanks -Artillery -South Vietnam -Air power -Military Region Three -South Vietnamese retreats -Thieu -Importance to overall strategy -US strategy -Negotiations -Henry Cabot Lodge and Dr. David K. E. Bruce -North Vietnamese objectives -Return of (Madame) Nguyen Thi Binh to Paris -Major cities -Quang tri -Hue -Thieu -Cease-fire
29 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-9 (cont.)
-North Vietnamese objectives -Demilitarized zone [DMZ] -Critics’ response -Possible excuses -Cease-fire offer -Thieu government -Capture of cities -Problems -Possible US action -Soviets -Thieu government -North Vietnamese offensive -Kissinger’s view -Setbacks -Losses -Cambodia and Laos -1970 and 1971 -Prediction for 1973 -North Vietnamese offensive -Commitment of divisions -Battle reports -Logistical problems -Time factor -Replacements -DMZ -Movement of troops -325th division -Location -Movement of troops -DMZ -Training divisions -Compared with Tet offensive -Vietcong -Main forces -Losses -Long Tien -Possible weather concerns -Troop locations -Air strikes -320th division -Theiu report
30 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-9 (cont.)
-Concentration -B-52s and Tactical Air [TACAIR] -Effectiveness -Casualties -Potential number -Weapons -B-3 -320th division -Theiu -Withdrawal to Laos -ARVN units -1st Airborne -Operations -Objectives -Possible political motivations -Negotiations -Possible North Vietnamese offer -Quang Tri province -Ceasefire -Thieu government -Possible resignation -Porter’s schedule -Objectives -Hue -Soviets Porter and Kissinger left at 12:23 pm.
Conversation No. 705-10 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 12:23 pm and 12:25 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Stephen B. Bull and Alexander P. Butterfield. The President's schedule -Meeting with directors of American Historical and Cultural Society, Inc.
31 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-10 (cont.)
-Photographs -J. Willard (“Bill”) Marriott, Jr. -Purpose of meeting -Activities of Society -Katherine (Merrill) Swim -Dudley Swim -Photographs -Gifts -Background -Flags Bull and Butterfield left at an unknown time before 12:25 pm.
Conversation No. 705-11 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 12:25 pm - 12:38 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Robert W. Barker, Arch N. Booth, William N. Burch, George Champion, Jr., Mary Pillsbury Lord, James P. Low, Leonard H. Marks, Herbert E. Marks, J. Willard Marriott, Alice (Sheets) Marriott, William J. McManus, Charles S. O'Malley, Jr., A. Pollard Simons, Katherine (Merrill) Swim, Walter E. Washington, C. Robert Yeager, John P. Cosgrove, John B. Kelly and David C. Hoopes; the White House photographer was present at the beginning of the meeting. Introductions and greetings Unknown team News report Photographs Dudley Swim Marriott
32 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-11 (cont.)
[General discussion] Group photograph -Arrangements Golf -Partner -Champion Filming of event Honor America Day -Recognition -Need for ceremonies -Non-partisanship -Film -Distribution -The President's appearance -Twenty-sixth amendment The President's administration -Washington, DC crime rates -Decline -Walter Washington -Baseball club [Washington Senators] -Congress George E. Allen -Stadium seating Gifts from the People's Republic of China [PRC] -Trees -Growing conditions -Pandas -Thelma C. (“Pat”) Nixon -Zoos -San Diego, Chicago, Philadelphia, New York, St. Louis and Washington Presidential gifts -Women -Golf balls
33 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-11 (cont.)
-The President’ inscription Arbor Day -Mrs. Nixon Golf -Champion The President's trip to Florida Golf Barker et al left at 12:38 pm.
Conversation No. 705-12 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 12:38 pm and 12:44 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Stephen B. Bull. Instructions Bull left at an unknown time before 12:44 pm.
Conversation No. 705-13 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 12:44 pm - 1:06 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Henry A. Kissinger.
34 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
US-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] relations -Anatoliy F. Dobrynin The President's remarks at signing ceremony of Biological Weapons Convention -Press release from Ronald L. Ziegler Stephen B. Bull entered at an unknown time after 12:44 pm. -Copy for Kissinger -Ziegler Bull left at an unknown time before 12:50 pm. Bull entered at an unknown time after 12:44 pm. -Delivery to the President Bull left at an unknown time before 12:50 pm. The President's trip to USSR -Dobrynin -Bilateral issues -Arrangements -Kremlin -Floor plan -Press -Number -Ziegler Manolo Sanchez [?] entered at an unknown time after 12:44 pm. Refreshment Sanchez [?] left at an unknown time before 12:50 pm. The President's trip to USSR -Arrangements -Kissinger’s telephone conversation with Dobrynin -The President -Dobrynin's trip to Moscow -Kissinger’s trip to Japan
35 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
-Cancellation -The President -Refreshments Thelma C. (“Pat”) Nixon -Meeting with Mrs. Irini N. Dobrynin -Arrangements -Attendance at James F. Byrnes's funeral -Trip to Canada The President talked with the White House operator at an unknown time between 12:44 and 12:50 pm. [Conversation No. 705-13A] [See Conversation No. 22-94] [End of telephone conversation] US-USSR relations -Mrs. Dobrynin -Meeting with Mrs. Nixon -Dobrynin's trip to Moscow -Timing The President talked with Mrs. Nixon between 12:50 and 12:51 pm. [Conversation no. 705-13B] [See Conversation No. 22-95] [End of telephone conversation] US-USSR relations -Dobrynin -Kissinger’s call -Mrs. Nixon's tea with Mrs. Dobrynin -Arrangements -The President's conversation with George R.S. Baring [Earl of Cromer] Henry A. Kissinger talked with the White House operator at an unknown time between 12:51 and
36 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
12:59 pm. [Conversation No. 705-13C] [See Conversation No. 22-96] [End of telephone conversation] US-USSR relations -Mrs. Nixon's tea with Mrs. Dobrynin -The president's conversations with Dobrynin and the Earl of Cromer -Arrangements -Media coverage -Trips to Canada and South Carolina -Timing Vietnam -South Vietnam -Message to Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu -Impact on Thieu’s morale The President's remarks at signing ceremony -Gerard C. Smith -Preparation -Press coverage -Kissinger’s view -Preparation Vietnam -Richard M. Helms -Call from Kissinger -B-52 strike -Timing -Support for the President The President's remarks at recent signing ceremony -Arms control -Use of force -Responsibility for phrase -The President’s trip to the People’s Republic of China [PRC] -"Great powers"
37 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
-Intervention in other countries Kissinger talked with Dobrynin at an unknown time between 12:51 and 12:59 pm. [Conversation No. 705-13D] [See Conversation No. 22-97] [End of telephone conversation] US-USSR relations -Kissinger’s conversation with Dobrynin -Vietnam -Negotiations -Public proposals -Public pressure on US -Response Vietnam -North Vietnamese offensive -Chances of South Vietnamese success Ziegler entered at 12:59 pm.
Press briefing -The President's remarks at recent signing ceremony -Gerald L. Warren -Vietnam -USSR -Dobrynin -Responsibilities of great powers -Encouragement not to use force -Soviet role -Public remarks The President's remarks at recent signing ceremony -Kissinger’s view Ziegler left at 1:02 pm.
38 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
Kissinger’s schedule -Meeting with unknown person Vietnam
************************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 [National Security] [Duration: 37s ]
VIETNAM
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 **************************************************************************
-Soviet ships into Hanoi -Surveillance -Presidential approval -Air -Destroyers -Soviet reaction -Blockade -Mines -Preparations Biological Warfare Convention Treaty signing ceremony -Arms Control and Disarmament Agency [ACDA] -The President's remarks on US-USSR relations -Dobrynin -Value -Timing -Moscow summit -Cancellation -Possible fall of South Vietnam
39 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
Vietnam -North Vietnamese offensive -Stakes in war for US -Compared with Boer war -Unknown person -British and French -Compared with Algerian war -Credibility of US foreign policy -Domino theory -Compared with Spanish civil war -Difference of time periods -Soviet arms -Impact on Middle East -Kissinger’s talk with Dobrynin -Israel -Possible outcome -Impact on Berlin treaty -[David] Kenneth Rush -Development of treaties US-USSR relations -Mrs. Nixon -Meeting with Mrs. Dobrynin -Briefing paper -Kissinger’s office -Meeting with Kissinger -Kissinger’s meeting with President and Mrs. Nixon -Talking points -Kissinger’s parents -Kennedy Center The President's schedule -Meeting with Kissinger's parents -Photographs -Time -Duration -Reception for National Alliance of Businessmen -Meeting with Kissinger's parents -Louis Kissinger -Age -Time
40 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-13 (cont.)
Kissinger left at 1:06 pm.
Conversation No. 705-14 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 1:06 pm and 1:11 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Manolo Sanchez. The President's schedule -Executive Office Building [EOB]
***************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 [Personal returnable] [Duration: 5s ]
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 *****************************************************************
Sanchez left at an unknown time before 1:11 pm.
Conversation No. 705-15 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown after 4:00 until 4:41 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman; the recording began at an unknown time while
41 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
the meeting was in progress. White House staff -[John D. Ehrlichman] -Henry A. Kissinger -George W. Romney -John A. Volpe -Kenneth R. Cole, Jr. and George P. Shultz -Utilization -Talk with Haldeman
***************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 [Personal returnable] [Duration: 1m 12s ]
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1 *****************************************************************
The President's schedule -Foreign policy -Speeches -Hugh Scott- Michael J. Mansfield meeting -Changes -Upcoming trip to the People’s Republic of China [PRC] -Peter G. Peterson -Arthur F. Burns-John B. Connally meeting -Departure time for trip to Canada -Leaders meeting -Press conference -Wednesday -Scott-Mansfield meeting -Breakfast meeting -Caucus -Timing -Tuesday
42 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
-Leaders meeting -Meeting with Connally -Burns -Length -Smithsonian conference -Connally -Herbert Stein’s memorandum -Leaders meeting -Cabinet meeting -Reason -A picture -Unknown person’s location -A conference -Preparation for speech -Timing Alexander P. Butterfield entered at 4:15 pm. Speech for Kissinger's review -Delivery -The President’s remarks -Return to the President Butterfield left at 4:16 pm. The President's schedule -A picture -Connally and Peterson -Changes -Trip to Canada -Timing
43 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
***************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 3 [Personal returnable] [Duration: 3m 11s ]
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 3 ***************************************************************** -Thelma C. (“Pat”) Nixon's attendance at James F. Byrnes's funeral -Call to Maude (Busch) Byrnes -Harry S. Dent -Strom Thurmond Connally -Unknown person's qualifications for unknown job The President's schedule -Politics -Camp David -Connally's possible presence -Trip to Texas -Trip to Florida -Mrs. Nixon ***************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 4 [Personal returnable] [Duration: 13s ]
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 4 *****************************************************************
-Camp David -Compared with Florida
44 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
-Weather -Facilities -Relaxation -Televised press conference -Likelihood -Speech -Vietnam -Questions and Answers [Q&A] session Vietnam -Public relations efforts -Kissinger, John A. Scali and Ronald L. Ziegler -Hawks -Speech -Value -Domestic impact -Administration's policies -Domestic support -Impact on North Vietnam and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] -USSR -Berlin Treaty -Kissinger -North Vietnam -Speech -William L. Safire's draft -US actions -US destroyers -B-52s -North Vietnamese offensive -Kissinger’s suggestion -Possible South Vietnamese collapse -Impact on Soviet trip -Possible US loss of South Vietnam -The President’s previous conversation with Kissinger -Impact on US foreign policy -Credibility of US in world -Middle East and Europe -Need for risks -Stakes for US -Cabinet officers' understanding -Connally
45 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
-William P. Rogers -Melvin R. Laird -Rogers -US actions -Necessity -Speech draft -Phrase, “The Guns of April” -[Barbara Tuchman, The Guns of August] -Public knowledge of book -Haldeman’s view -Safire Foreign policy -White House staff -Kissinger’s earlier statement -Biological Warfare Treaty -The President's remarks at signing ceremony -Authorship -Contents -Louis Pasteur -Significance -The President's remarks at ceremony -Intent -Gerard C. Smith and William C. Foster -Arms control -Soviet line Speechwriters -Understanding of the President's policies -Gen. Alexander M. Haig, Jr. and Kissinger -Ability -Patrick J. Buchanan -The President’s view -Raymond K. Price, Jr. -Safire -Lee W. Huebner -Problems -Quality of writing Vietnam -US actions
46 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
-Concentration on issue -Politics -Polls, trial hunts -Domestic issues -International Telephone and Telegraph [ITT] -Charles W. Colson -Clark MacGregor -North Vietnamese offensive -Domestic response -Compared with Laos operation -Decisive victory -US commitment -Saigon -Critics -Lack of patriotism -Fears Economy -Unemployment -Retail sales -Wholesale Price Index [WPI] -Consumer Price Index [CPI] -Ehrlichman -Food prices -Drop -Mansfield's statement -Middleman -News summary -Public relations efforts Stephen B. Bull entered at an unknown time after 4:16 pm. The President's schedule -Meeting with Kissinger's parents -Arrival -Presidential gifts -Money clip -Compact Bull left at an unknown time before 4:41 pm.
47 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
-Meeting with Connally
***************************************************************** BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 8 [Personal returnable] [Duration: 1m 35s ]
END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 8 *****************************************************************
Haldeman’s responsibility -White House staff An unknown person entered at an unknown time after 4:16 pm. Domestic issues -Confusion -Connally's advice -Polls -Influence on Lyndon B. Johnson and the President -The President’s view -Vietnam -Article by Robert B. Semple, Jr. in New York Times -Possible contacts in White House -Robert H. Finch -Donald H. Rumsfeld -Price -Leonard Garment The unknown person left at an unknown time before 4:41 pm. Vietnam -White House attitudes -Conversations with press -Kissinger -Support for the President
48 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-15 (cont.)
-Cabinet -Laird -Rogers -Support Haldeman left at 4:41 pm.
Conversation No. 705-16 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 4:41 pm - 4:45 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Henry A. Kissinger, Louis Kissinger and Paula (Stern) Kissinger; the White House photographer was present at the beginning of the meeting. Greetings and introductions Kissinger [Photograph session] -Arrangement Kissinger -Service to administration and world Presidential gifts -Presidential seal -Money clip -Compact Photographs -Copies Previous visit Louis and Paula Kissinger's grandchildren, Elizabeth and David Kissinger -Intelligence
49 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-16 (cont.)
Henry A. Kissinger Kissinger et al left at 4:45 pm.
Conversation No. 705-17 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 4:45 pm - 4:46 pm Location: Oval Office The President met with Stephen B. Bull. The President's schedule -The President's remarks at reception for members of the National Alliance of Businessmen -Number of guests -Dinner at State Department -James D. Hodgson -Gordon M. Metcalf -John D. Harper -Instructions for the President -Refreshments -State Department dinner -Timing -Thelma C. (“Pat”) Nixon -Attendance -Necessity Bull left at 4:46 pm.
Conversation No. 705-18 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: 4:46 pm - 5:01 pm
50 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-17 (cont.)
Location: Oval Office The President met with H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman. Henry A. Kissinger Food prices Vietnam -US policies -Domestic politics -Possible demonstrations -Staff meeting -The President’s instructions to Haldeman -Kissinger -Article in New York Times by Robert B. Semple, Jr. -White House contact -Identity -1972 election -Peace efforts -William J. Porter statement -Negotiations -Outcome -Press hostility -Press -Hostility to the President -Reasons -Foreign policy -Press -John F. Osborne and Hugh S. Sidey -Opposition -Cambodia, Laos and demonstrations -Criticism -Support on People's Republic of China [PRC] matter The President's schedule -Meetings with Cabinet members -Herbert Stein -George P. Shultz -Free time -Mornings
51 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-18 (cont.)
-Afternoons White House staff -Cambodia and Laos -Stakes in Vietnam Vietnam -Press -Areas of support for policies -Stakes in war -US defeat -Aggression -US casualties -Memorandum Domestic issues -National Alliance of Businessmen [NAB] reception -Value -NAB programs -Minority hiring -Costs -Concept of volunteerism -Haldeman’s view -National Center for Voluntary Action -Local and national levels -Great Society programs -Legal aid -Lawyers -Government interference -Radicals -Costs -Impact Jews -Kissinger's parents -Number in world -Percentage in New York City -Other minorities -Number -Political influence -Compared with Indonesians, Indians, Americans, Soviets, Japanese and
52 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-18 (cont.)
Germans Stephen B. Bull entered at an unknown time after 4:46 pm. The President's schedule -NAB reception Bull left at an unknown time before 4:59 pm. Jews -Ultraliberalism -Adolph Hitler -Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] -Franklin D. Roosevelt -Republicanism -Influence before 1932 -Economic status -Private enterprise -Blacks -Democratic loyalties -Kissinger Foreign policy -Kissinger -State Department -Tactical issues -Crisis handling -Jordan -India -Cambodia -Laos -Vietnam -Policy advice -PRC initiative -Soviets Alexander P. Butterfield entered at 4:59 pm. The President's schedule Butterfield left at 5:00 pm.
53 NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF Tape Subject Log (rev. 8/07) Conv. No. 705-18 (cont.)
Unknown persons [Jews?] -Actions The President’s schedule The President and Haldeman left at 5:01 pm.
Conversation No. 705-19 Date: April 10, 1972 Time: Unknown between 5:01 pm and 11:59 pm Location: Oval Office Unknown [Secret Service agents] met. The President’s location -Residence [Unintelligible] An unknown agent talked with an unknown person at a n unknown time between 5:01 pm and 11:59 pm. [Conversation No. 705-19A] [Unintelligible] [End of telephone conversation] [Unintelligible] The recording was cutoff at an unknown time before 11:59 pm.